Legal issues of development of organic farming in Ukraine
PhD. Dmytro FEDCHYSHYN1
PhD. Iryna IGNATENKO2
PhD. Oleksandr BONDAR3
The theoretical principles of organic farming development in Ukraine are
substantiated. The concept and features of the land for organic farming, especially the
legal regime of such land are revealed. The analysis of legal forms of land use for organic
farming was carried out. The main advantages of using an organic land plot on the basis of
emphyteusis are analyzed. The subjects of land use for organic farming have been
investigated. The p rospective directions are determined and proposals on the improvement
of the current legislation of Ukraine are developed. These include the development and
approval of criteria for determining the suitability of agricultural land for use in the
process of organic farming , resolving at the legislative level issues related to soil
conservation and the protection of their fertility, the development and approval of norms of
their qualitative condition that would meet the requirements of cultivation organ ic products
of plant origin. In addition, there is a need for legal separation of agricultural land on
which organic products are grown, taking into account the specific use of these lands and
establishing their special legal regime.
Keywords: organic farming; Ukraine; the Land Code of Ukraine; agricultural land.
JEL Classification: K11, P48, P14, D86
The organic food market has been one of the most dynamic food markets in
the world for nearly two decades and is becoming an increasingly popular
alternative to the consumption of traditional products. Organic production is
carried out in 172 countries of the world, with 2.3 million producers, of which Asia
is 40%, Africa 26%, Latin America 17%, Europe 15%, North America 1%,
Oceania 1%4. The increase in demand is largely due to growing concern among
consumers about the safety of food produced by the so-called "traditional
technology". In turn, farmers have realized that consumers are willing to pay a
higher price for products grown organic. According to the Food and Agriculture
1 Dmytro Fedchyshyn - Zaporizhzhia National University, Ukraine, firstname.lastname@example.org.
2 Iryna Ignatenko - Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine,
3 Oleksandr Bondar - Zaporizhzhia National University, Ukraine, email@example.com.
4 Бородачева Н.В. (2004) Органічний продукт вирощують без хімії та сертифікату. Дзерка ло
тижня. 2004. № 31. (Bordachova N.V. The organic product is grown without chemistry and
certificate. Mirror of the week. № 31).