Legal implications of adopting Building Information Modeling (BIM)

Author:Constanta Nicoleta Bodea - Augustin Purnus
Position:Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania - Technical University of Civil Engineering of Bucharest, Romania
Legal implications of adopting
Building Information Modeling (BIM)
Professor Constanţa-Nicoleta BODEA
Associate professor Augustin PURNUŞ
Building Information Mo deling (BIM) is an innovative approach to design and
construct buildings, which has changed the practices within the construction industry.
Different categories of stakeholders, such as architects, construction companies,
professional associations, academia and even the policymakers, who have defined national
policies and strategy documents to facilitate the BIM adoption, have been interested to
understand BIM and its imp lications for the business environment. The legal implications
of adopting BIM in construction p rojects represent one of the most recently discussed
issues, which is s till not fully understood and not followed b y concrete risk mitigation
actions. The paper intends to underline some of the legal implications of adopting BIM,
mainly in relation to the procurement and contract strategies. The paper concludes that it
is expected that BIM will bring more transparency in the construction project
implementation and will enable a more co mprehensive audit trail leading to fewer legal
Keywords: Building Information Modeling (BIM), contract, procurement, stan dards.
JEL Classification: K23, K25
1. Introduction
In our days, the construction industry considers the technological
innovations as a mean for rapid advancements in production and sustainable
development. According to the Navigant Construction Forum (2016)
, the
construction industry shows a growing interest for 3D printing technologies,
Augmented Reality (AR), 4D Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Virtual
Design and Construction (VDC). For construction industry, the digital future
includes: higher definition surveying and geolocation, next generation 5D building
information modeling, digital collaboration and mobility, the internet of things and
advanced analytics, drones, geospatial technologies, radio frequency identification
technologies, reality capture technologies and robotics. It is considered that
implementing this kind of technologies, the different categories of stockholders
Constanţa-Nicoleta Bodea Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania,
Augustin Purnuş – Technical University of Civil Engineering of Bucharest, Romania,
Navigant (2016), Trends in constru ction technology the potential impact on project management
and construction claims a research perspective issued by the Navigant Construction Forum™,
Navigant Consulting, Inc.

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