Eco-Label, New Generation Instrument of Environmental Protection

AuthorIlinca Elena Alexandra, Adriana Elena Belu
PositionUniversity 'Spiru Haret', Faculty of Law and Public Administration - Craiova
European Integration - Realities and Perspectives
Eco-Label, New Generation Instrument of Environmental Protection
Ilinca Elena Alexandra
, Belu Adriana Elena
University „Spiru Haret”, Faculty of Law and Public Administration – Craiova,
University „Spiru Haret”, Faculty of Law and Public Administration – Craiova,
Abstract: The overall objective of Community polic y on the environment and business is to contribute to
sustainable development. The EU eco-label scheme (as laid down in the new Regulation (EC) No
1980/2000) is now part of a wider approach on Integrated Product Pol icy (IPP) within the new Action
Programme. The Com mission has published a Green Paper on IPP that will be a key innovative element of
future environmental policy and sustainable consumption and production. Strategically, the European eco-
label Scheme is, and will be, in line with the pr inciples, goals a nd priorities of the 6th action Programme
"Our Future, Our Choice". Following the Rio Summit in 1992, preparations by the EU on the overall
objectives of sustainable development are underway as the year 2002 will be the year of RIO+10. 2002 will
also see the 10th anniversary of the Flower label. The European eco-label is based on the vision of greening
non-food product s all over Europe in a joint and common approach of all European stakeholders brought
together in the European Union Eco-labelling Board (EUEB).
Keywords: environmental impact; competent bodies; certificated products
The positive law has two instruments that allow the enterprises adhere to voluntary instruments:
environmental management and audit scheme on one hand and the eco-label on the other hand, which
assimilate in regards to their logics with the ecological instruments.
The enterprisers that take this „voluntary commitment” actually bear both the expenses of the
intercession and the environmental measures that result from them, if there is the case and the
consumers, in exchange, should prefer them in the choice they make, being informed on these aspects.
(Thieffry, 2008, p. 124) These two European environmental instruments that govern the voluntary
commitments were deeply reformed, partly due to their relative lack of success.
A high attention from the consumers, the market and the entire community paid to the issue regarding
the environment and certain institutions understanding the fact t hat just „command and control” was
no longer enough to determine economic agents attain effective ecological performances, resulted in
the creation of new generation instrument of environmental management, that would answer market
requests and at the same time would be capable to accompany and support the existing ones in other
economic fields. We already mentioned the main voluntary instruments of environmental protection at
European Union level which are a part of the eco certifications of the product, or eco labels, as they
are called.
These consist of norms with different territorial values, which establish criteria and limits that a
product should abide within t he impact that it causes to environment. Within this evaluation method,
an approach regarding the whole life cycle is adopted, therefore having in view all the types of impact

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