Innovation in Justice and Security by Treaty of Lisbon

AuthorMyzafer Elezi
Position1Lecturer at the Department of Law, of the University of Vlora 'Ismail Qemali', neighborhood 'Pavarsia', Vlorë, Albania
Innovation in Justice and Security by
Treaty of Lisbon
Myzafer ELEZI
Abstract: The Lisbon Treaty is a legal package which includes previous treaties, starting from the
year 1957, following the Treat y of Rome and the Treaty of Nice in 2001, summarized in a single text
that introduces a number of changes of the way how the European Union works , in order to make it
more efficient for its citizens. This Treaty converts the European Union for the first time in a single
entity, unifying pillars of its activities which are as follows: the European Communities, Common
Foreign and Security Policy, an d Judicial Cooperation in Criminal Matters, which so far only the
European Communities had the status of judicial person. It modifies the Treaty of European Union,
created by the European Union and the Treaty created by the European Community, which is in
power, but do not replace them. The new Treaty gives the EU the legal framework, and necessary
tools to face the future challenges and to respond to its citizen’ s perspectives. The Conference will
introduce a ll the innovations that the Treaty of Lisbon brings not only in the field of security and
foreign policy of the EU, but also in those related to police and judicial cooperation regarding
criminal matters.
Keywords: Treaty; legislative package; a legal person; police cooperation;, judicial cooperation.
1. Introduction
Lisbon Treaty referred to as the Treaty of European treaty reforms, constitutes a
Constitution for Europe, the Constitution that was developed in its most important
parts of Laeken Convention - Belgium, 2002-2003, and was signed on 24 detor
2004. But European governments of the time left between the project and why it
was ratified by 18, from 27 countries. He was blocked by the negative referendum
France and the Netherlands in 2005. This Treaty was signed in Lisbon - Portugal
on December 13, 2007, ending several years negotiations on institutional reform,
which should enter into force on January 1, 2009, at the end of the ratification
Lecturer at the Department of Law, of the Univers ity of Vlora "Ismail Qemali", neighborhood
"Pavarsia", Vlorë, Albania; Phone 00355695527763. Corresponding author:
AUDJ, vol. 9, no. 3/2013, pp. 31-37

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