International Adoption of Romanian Children, the Reality of Post-Revolutionary and Contemporary Europe

Author:Alexandru-Adrian Eni
Pages:489-499
SUMMARY

The topic of international adoption is undoubtedly one of the most present and controversial phenomena of the Romanian contemporary law, a phenomenon that has gained amplitude in the immediate post-revolutionary period, Romania ranking first among the former communist countries in the field of international adoption, the child being considered a commodity generating substantial income.... (see full summary)

 
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The Youth of Today - The Generation of the Global Development
489
International Adoption of Romanian Children, the Reality
of Post-Revolutionary and Contemporary Europe
Alexandru-Adrian Eni1
Abstract: The topic o f international adoption is undoubtedly one of the most present and controversial
phenomena of the Romanian contemporary law, a phenomenon that has gained amplitude in the immediate
post-revolutionary period, Romania ranking first among the former communist countries in the field of
international adoption, the child being considered a commodity generating substantial income. Corruptibility
that developed in this domain has caused many children to miss adoption, with the most diverse an d serious
consequences for them. In 2003, Romania has suspended international adoptions further to pressures of the
MEP Emma Nicholson, Special Rapporteur at the time, for our country's accession to the European Union.
She invoked alleged dangers such as begging or organ trafficking which were menacing the future of
Romanian children, once arrived in the West. Several countries such as USA, Israel, France and Spain
protested against this decision. Neither the pressures of the European institutions from the recent years did not
lead to changes in the Romanian legislation. If a child is adopted by a foreign citizen, he will receive
citizenship of the country. In th is situation his evolution would be extremely di fficult to track. The
international adoption as a “last resort” must be understood in the context of the provision referring to the
importance of maintaining the continuity of cultural, linguistic, ethnic and religious background in a child's
education. We hereby appreciate the idea that adoption by its nature, changes destinies and aims to a certain
degree of spiritual e mpathy, not being only a measure, but a clarification that can mark and change a human
life, and despite all regulations, decisions or political or legislative decisions, nothing is more important than
life.
Keywords: International adoption; Romanian children; Romanian contemporary law
1. Introduction
The topic of international adoption is undoubtedly one of the most present and controversial
phenomena of the Romanian contemporary law, a phenomenon that has gained amplitude in
the immediate post-revolutionary period, Romania ranking first among the former communist
countries in the field of international adoption.
Starting from the phrase “child’s adoption”, “child” meaning a young person of either sex,
either by birth or by adoption, meanwhile “adoption” means the act or process of adopting a
person; “child’s adoption” is a national and international social and legal phenomenon
(Mihăilă, 2010) that ensure children without parents or without proper parental care,
1 Student, Law Faculty, Danubius University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd., Galati 800654, Romania, Tel.:
+40372361102, Corresponding author: alexandru_eni@yahoo.com.

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