Institutionalized Education and Development 'The New Institutionalism' - a New Paradigm of Development within the Context of European Integration

Author:Laura Maria Mistreanu (Carstea)
Position:Al. I. Cuza University of Iasi, Faculty of Economics And Business
Pages:666-671
SUMMARY

We shall open this paper with reference to the book "Understanding the Process of Economic Change" by D.C. North being considered of reference in the issues which are subject to research ("there are some fundamental characteristics of successful economic development which are common for all the economies but at the same time there is no universal pattern to reach these results"-North). How can... (see full summary)

 
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Institutionalized Education and Development
„The New Institutionalism” – a New Paradigm of Development within the
Context of European Integration
Phd. Mistreanu (married Carstea) Laura Maria
“Al. I. Cuza” University of Iaşi, Faculty of Economics And Business
Administration,laura22vs@yahoo.com
Abstract. We shall open this paper with reference to th e book “Understanding the Process of Economic
Change” by D.C. North being considered of reference in the issues which are subject to research („there are
some fund amental characteristics of success ful economic development which are common for all the
economies but at the same time th ere is no universal pattern to reach these r esults”-North). How can poorness
be explained in most of the states of the world where the sources for economic growth are known? The human
failure and the institutional framework have a special contribution in finding solutions in order to obtain
economic growth and implicitly the growth of economic development. The article makes references to the
institutional framework and its importance for the economic development of a country, to the educational
organizations and to their contribution to the economic develop ment. Viewed from a reactive factor of
development, the education has become proactive. This is because the perspective of education has been
accentuating more and more, called in to prepare the people for types of societies which have not existed yet.
The gap within the field of education has a fundamental character in maintaining and emphasizing the gaps
between the social – economic development of different countries.
Keywords: education, institutionalism, economic development.
1 Introduction
Even from the time of Adam Smith, education was thought to be an element contributing to the economic
and social equality. Even before Adam Smith, there had been references in the specialty literature
referring to the role of the education in this direction. William Petty was among the first persons to
promote the fair distribution of education. Some Mercantilists supported main stream education with the
aim to improve mainly the productivity from the agricultural field and the progress of the society in
general. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the school reformers from the USA favored the spread of
education among the poor. One of them saw school as an instrument to reach justice and equality of all
opportunities and to remove poverty. A long time ago, Simon Kuznets foresaw the fact that the
distribution of income in the capitalized countries would be equitable the more educated the working
force was. Theodore Schultz, in a study entitled “The Economic Value of Education” emphasized: “these
changes in the human capital represent the basic factor in reducing inequality from the distribution of the
income”. The education has proved to be vital in the economic progress and in the improvement of
economic equality. A group of specialists have reached the conclusion that the most important factor of
income inequality is the human capital.
2 “The New Institutionalism” – a new paradigm of the development
An economy may be characterized by means of innumerable demographic, economic, institutional and
technological statistics but what is really needed for us to know is the interaction among them. Why do
we make references to these things in relation to education? It is because the basis of this interaction is
represented by the stock of knowledge which the society possesses, firstly it is the institutional framework
which establishes the set of play rules and the demography which describes the quantity and quality of the
human beings. This stock of knowledge determines the superior potential related to the wellbeing of the
society and the institutional framework determines the simulation structure of society. The center of the
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