Abstract: This work has as aim an incursion in the area of the spatial economy, a ne w branch of the
economy, from the point of view of the approach. This was insufficiently explored at international level, and
so, less few studied in our country economical literature. This field is strongly linked to the spatial theory,
which represents itself an important element in the economic theory, that is necessary to be researched and
evaluated. The interest of the research th eme is shaded by the interdisciplinary character that implies
knowledge in the fields of: economy, geography, econometrics, mathematics, sociology, and is based on a
fundamental type of research, focusing the prevalent qualitative study o f the area of interest literature,
regarding the concept of space and spatial theory.
Keywords: space; spatial economy; regional economy
In the present economic theory there are often existing the tendency of a net separation between
microeconomics and macroeconomics. The aspects liked to the individual consumers‟ behavior, or
that of the firms‟ and together with their interaction on the market were often isolated treated by the
behavior of the groups of economical agents reunited in homogeneous categories and by the
functioning of the economy as a whole. Nevertheless, there are an important range of problems
situated between these two extremes that ask for an integrated vision of the two poles: the problems of
the regions, inclusively of the locality, in other words, the analysis of a spatial scale of the economy.
Thus, there it took shape the investigation sphere for the regional economy, as a fundamental
discipline inside the regional science.
The history of the regional science began at the beginning of the XX century with exponents of the
German school of the spatial economy - von Thunen, Weber, Christaller, Losch. Especially in the
post-war ages, some important regionalists were added, they belonging to the American, Holland,
French, German, Russian, and others schools. The contour as a science in the 1950‟s years, and its
ascension inside the international contemporary scientific community is partly due to the
“International Society for the Systems Sciences”, founded in 1954, with the declared aim to promote
the exchange of ideas, and also points of view linked to the broad area of this branch.
The creating of the regional science as a distinct domain was based on the conscription of some
concepts and methods, from a spatial perspective. These are belonging to the economy, geography,
1 Assistant Professor, PhD, “Danubius” University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd, Galati 80 0654, Romania,
Tel.: +40.372.361.102, fax: +40.372.361.290, Corresponding author: rosemarie.puşcaciu@univ-danubius.ro.