Immigrants in search of democracy and human rights 133
country of origin to country of arrival, to protect them from the potential exposure
to discrimination and exploitation, to sexual, physical and psychological abuse,
violence, human trafficking and slavery. The States should take steps to reduce
stigma, discrimination and violence, to review policies related to restrictions on
entry based on health status, with a view to eliminating such restrictions and the
return of people suffering of certain diseases, to support their access to a treatment,
care and support.
The Declaration also recommended to take into consideration the diverse
needs, vulnerabilities and capacities of women, girls, boys and men, to protect the
human rights and fundamental freedoms of all refugee and migrant children,
regardless of their status, and giving primary consideration to the best interests of
the child, specially to the unaccompanied children and those separated from their
families, according to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
The external migration policy regarding the result of the New York Declaration
will be analyzed at the EISA 12th Pan-European Conference on International
Relations that will be held in Prague, between 12 and 15 September 20189.
On 30th August 2008 Italy and Libya signed in Bengasi the Treaty of Friendship,
Partnership and Cooperation10 to combat the illegal immigration, human trafficking
and contraband and to reinforce the border security. On 2nd February 2017
Italy signed a Memorandum with the Libyan Government through which commits to
providing equipment and military, strategic and technological support to stop the
migration flow from Africa to Europe. Unfortunately, in August 2017 CNN published
a video showing some African migrants being sold as slaves in Libya11 and after more
investigations, the international and European authorities found that people are
forced to stop in a detention center governed by the Department for the fight against
illegal immigration, in inhuman condition, especially children and pregnant women
that are beaten, tortured and raped12. This facts started several manifestations13 across
the world by people asking the European Union Commission to stop financing the
Libyan Coast. Even the President of France, Emmanuel Macron defined those actions
as crimes against humanity and in November 2017 called an emergency meeting of
the UN Security Council.
Thanks to an agreement between Italy, Libya, the Organization of the United
Nations and the Episcopal Conference of Italy14, on 22nd December 2017 a group of
14 The episcopal conference of the Italian bishops of the Catholic Church, the official assembly of
the bishops in Italy that carries out certain tasks and has the authority to set the liturgical norms for
the Mass. Episcopal conferences receive their authority under universal law or particular mandates.