Hoeworking - teleworking. Atypical forms of employment: between usefulness and precariousness

Author:Mihaela Emilia Marica
Position:The Bucharest University of Economic Studies
Hoeworking / teleworking. Atypical forms of employment:
between usefulness and precariousness
PhD student Mihaela-Emilia MARICA
The literature centered on the investigations into the implications of this activity
sector, reveals th at in addition to the usua l risks entailed by most atypical work
arrangements, some o f them even increased in the case of homeworkers and teleworkers
these workers are further exposed to the risk of social isolation, because they lack direct
social contact with their peers, colleagues and organization members. The vulnerability of
homeworkers is aggravated by labor legislation, as this category of workers face maj or
difficulties in the complete, effective exercise of some rights, although the law acknowledges
the equality in rights a nd treatment between the employees with standard work contracts,
and the employees opting for flexible work opportunities. In most cases, the remuneration
and social benefits granted to the latter, are lower than the payment and social benefits
offered for the same type of work, to an employee working at the company’s precincts.
Keywords: homeworking, teleworking, atypical work arrangements, flexible work schedules.
JEL Classification: K31
1. General considerations
The popularity
of telework in its various forms is indissolubly linked to the
development of the economic and social realms over the last decades, to the new
conditions generated by changing economic relationships on the labor market, and
to the expansion of computer and information technology. The possible benefits
involved by teleworking arrangements are not confined to the aspect of work
flexibility which is also a feature of all non-standard work arrangements but
comprise economical, social, technical-organizational aspects as well, thus affecting
both parties involved in the juridical relationship established through an employment
contract. The ability of modern organizations to provide homeworking arrangements
Mihaela-Emilia Marica - The Bucharest University of Economic Studies,
The greatest proportion of homeworkers (including teleworkers) is in the USA. According to
International Data Corporation, the number of homeworkers is expected to rise from 96.2 million in
2015, to 105.4 million in 2020, amounting to about 72.3% of the overall labor force (Ahmad Timsal
and Mustabsar Awais, Flexibility or ethical dilemma: an overview of the work from home policies in
modern organizations around the world, in „Human Resource Management International Digest”,
vol. 24, No. 7/2016, pp. 12-15. http://www.emeraldinsight.com.kuleuven.ezproxy.kuleuven.
be/doi/pdfplus/10.1108/HRMID-03-2016-0027, accessed on 13.06. 2017).

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