Historic evolutions of the effects of the European Union political instruments in the Romanian legal order - effects of the mechanism for cooperation and verification

Author:Emilian Ciongaru
Position:University 'Bioterrra' from Bucharest; Associate researcher, Romanian
Pages:88-97
SUMMARY

Since the accession of Romanian to the European Union, many unsolved problems related to the accountability and efficiency of the legal system and of the law enforcement bodies have been identified, a reason for which the European Commission justified the institution of a Mechanism for Cooperation and Verification as a political instrument for the monitoring and optimization of the progresses... (see full summary)

 
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Historic evolutions of the effects of the European Union political
instruments in the Romanian legal order effects of the mechanism for
cooperation and verification
1
Associate professor Emilian CIONGARU
2
Abstrac t
Since the accessio n of Roman ian to the Europ ean Union, many u nsolved prob lems
related to th e accoun tabilit y and e fficiency of the legal syste m and of the law enforcement
bodi es have been iden tified, a reason for which the European Commission justified t he
instit ution o f a Mechanism for Co operatio n and Verification as a pol itical inst rument for
the monit oring and op timization of the progresses made b y Roman ia to att ain c ertain
reference o bjectives spe cific to t he field o f reform o f the legal system an d the fight aga inst
corrupt ion. Thi s mechan ism has been insti tuted to improve the function ing o f the
legisl ative, administrati ve and leg al syste m and to repai r the serio us deficienc ies in t he
fight against corruption . The goa l of the mechanism for coo peration a nd verification was
and is to en sure the adopti on of tho se measures t hat may g uarantee the Roman ians an d
other member states t hat the administra tive and judiciary d ecisions, sta ndards an d
practi ces in Ro mania meet tho se of the European Union. The progre sses made in the field
of reform of the l egal system and t he fight against corru ption wil l allow Romani an citizens
and tra ding compan ies to enjoy thei r right s in qu ality of citizen s of the Euro pean Union.
Keywords: juridical system; juridical ord er; legislativ p rocedures; Mech anism for
Coop eration an d Verification ; safeguard clau se.
JEL Cla ssification: K33, K40
1. Introductory ele ments
Ever since Romania’s pre-accession period in 2007, and on the grounds of
the commitments undertaken during this period, the European Union bodies have
realised that additional sustainable efforts are needed in key-fields in order to solve
the deficiencies existing in the reform of the Judiciary and fighting corruption.
These realities have justified the appearance of a political and judicial framework
for supporting Romania in their accomplishment and also for monitoring the
progress recorded in these fields, and this mechanism was referred to as
1
This art icle w as submitt ed to 6th International Conference “Perspectives of Business Law in t he
Third M illennium”, 25 -26 November 2016, t he Bucharest University of Economic Studies,
Bucharest, Romania.
2
Emilian Ciongaru - University “ Bioterrra” from Bucharest; Associate researcher, Romanian
Academy Institut e of Legal Research “Acad.Andrei Radulescu”, emil_ciongaru@yahoo.com

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