European Integration - Realities and Perspectives. Proceedings 2015
Sea Global Containerized Trade. Present and Future
Romeo Boşneagu1, Carmen Elena Coca2, Florin Sorescu3
Abstract: The global economy, global trade and maritime transport show a trend of development in the next period
of time, remaining still some serious risks with the potential to reduce the positive trend, including: modest
economic recovery of developed economies, difficulties in emerging growth and development of increasing
geopolitical tensions in many parts of th e world. Stimulating measures are presently applied in order to achieve the
world economic growth, the international trade, the investment and profit growth in consumer‘s demand, especially
in Western Asia and Africa, as well as increased exports of mineral resources.
Keywords: world economy; container; containerization; future prospection
JEL Classification: F40; N70; N70; N10
1. Maritime Transport - link between Production and Consumption
The main role of maritime transport is to provide the link between production activity and
consumption of goods and commodities, the primary objective being to ensure a permanent flow of
raw materials, machinery, spare parts to industrial production and service and timely move finished
products to markets and consumers.
Maritime transport, by its close connection to the shipbuilding industry, has a multiplier effect in the
economy by training related industries or economic sectors. Beyond this multiplier effect, the
importance of modern maritime transport has also been recognized through the jobs they create and
significant revenue to the national budgets and private sector.
Maritime transport has grown along with the development of the world economy, while knowing both
the growth of world trade and the decline due to cyclical economic crises, but gradually turning into a
global industry. Today, shipping is represented by an international community well-defined, using
fleet performance, advanced communications systems, highly specialized, enjoying the fundamental
principle of free trade.
1 Associate Professor, PhD, Mircea cel Bătrân Naval Academy, Romania, Address: 1 Fulgerului Str., 900218 Constanta,
Romania, Tel.: +40341427503, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
2 Associate Assistant Professor, Danubius‖ Un iversity of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Boulevard, 800654 Galati,
Romania, Tel.: +40.372.361.102, fax: +40.372.361.290, Corresponding author: email@example.com.
3 Senior Lecturer, Tomis University of Constanta, 100 Vulcan Pet ru Str., Constanta 900628, Romania, Tel.: +40241 558 700,