General Considerations on the Population Ageing

Author:Alina Nuta
European Integration - Realities and Perspectives. Proceedings 2016
General considerations on the population ageing
Alina Nuta1
Abstract: This article presents one of the most important issues of the current context, the ageing of the
population, with major consequences on the financial stability of the nation. This restructure of the population
(that change the shape of the population pyramid ), as a result, on the one hand, of the reducing in the fertility
rate, on the other hand, increasing in life expectancy and last but not least, due to migration, unbalance
national budgets, generating negative effects in economic, financial and social terms.
Keywords: population ageing; fiscal policy; labour force
JEL Classification: E62; Q56; J22
1. Introduction
In the present context, demographic trend is pressing the decision making factors to find solutions to
labour market integration of the elderly, given the fact that all the statistics show that the percentage of
inactive old people in relation to the employee is constantly expanding. In Romania, the employment
rate for the 55-64 years category, compared with the employment rate for the 25-64 years category is
highlighted in the following way:
Figure 1. The evolution of the employment rate in Romania
Source: Eurostat
1Associate professor, PhD, Danubius University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd., Galati 800654, Romania, Tel.:
+40372361102, Corresponding author:
Empl.rate 15-64 Empl. Rate 55-64

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