Food Security and Safety - as Crucial Elements in Shaping the Future of a Nation

Author:Liviu-Mihail Marinescu, Vasile Bogdan
Position:Associate Professor, PhD, Danubius University of Galati, Romania/Associate Professor, PhD, Danubius University of Galati, Romania
Pages:169-176
ISSN: 2067 9211 Performance and Risks in the European Economy
169
Food Security and Safety - as Crucial
Elements in Shaping the Future of a Nation
Liviu-Mihail Marinescu1, Vasile Bogdan2
Abstract: It is common knowledge that almost 20% of Earth’s population is using about 80% of its
resources (Brown L. , 2000, pp. 57-58). The current populace number does exceed 7 billion, and despite
all extant crises, it can reach n early 9 billion in 2050 - a number which might stabilise at approximately
10 billion in the prospect of the year 2300. It is already known that food is insufficiently well distributed
among people, more than 2/3 of World’s p opulation running into difficulties regarding that matter.
Provided the current course of soil fertility degradation is maintained corroborated with population
growth, food deficit will dramatically boost in future. The situation may aggravate when the financial
crisis shatters the fragility of economies in the poorest countries (Nations, 2004, pp. 52-55). The standard
of living and that of well-being of population are two different notions that do also interfere, they being
interconnected. The concept of well-being implies a decent standard of living, both at the individual level
and at the ceiling of the whole society. Reaching a decent living standard is about achieving a standard of
living compatible with human dignity, and is measured by the q uantities and types of goods and services
by which entire populations might benefit, as well as the rock bottom conditions of living (Bogdan, 2014,
pp. 94-99). Ensuring high levels of food security and safety stands for certifying a good standard of
living, with offering the possibilities and assurances for national development.
Keywords: food security; po verty; daily b asket; standard of living; poverty; relative poverty; absolute
poverty; extreme poverty; strategy
1. Food Security
In human beings, sustenance is referred to as foodstuff or food products, in animals it is called fodder,
and in plants, it is nutrients that are in use. Foodstuff is presented in the form preparations, processed
foods or deli products, with a composition of over 95% organic matter of either vegetable or animal
nature and a maximum of 5% inorganic materials, mainly various salts (Brown, et al., 1992, pp. 13-
16). Regarding food security, it must be acknowledged that a healthy person is in direct connection
with healthy food systems. In other words, we, as human beings, are exactly what we are eating in
terms of living energy (nourishment).
1 Associate Professor, PhD, Danubius University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd, Galati, Romania,
Corresponding author: marinesculiviu@univ-danubius.ro.
2 Associate Professor, PhD, Danubius University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd, Galati, Romania, E-mail:
bogdan.vasile@univ-danubius.ro.

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