The Evolution of the European Security Policy

Author:Vasilica Negrut, Alexandra Negrut
Pages:307-312
SUMMARY

The process of development of the European Union’s security dimension has known a spectacular evolution in the past years, passing from political consultation to establishing objectives, then common actions and positions; at a practical level, the Petersburg measures, carried on initially by the Western European Union as an armed branch of the European Union, have been replaced by actions of... (see full summary)

 
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Globalization and Cultural Diversity
307
The Evolution of the European Security Policy
Vasilica Negruţ
1
, Alexandra Negruţ
2
1
Danubius University, Faculty of Law, vasilicanegrut@univ-danubius.ro
2
Graduate student at the National School of Political Studies and Public Administration,
neea28@yahoo.com
Abstract: The process of development of the European Union’s security dimension has known a spectacular
evolution in the past years, passing from political consultation to establishing objectives, then common
actions and positions; at a practical level, the P etersburg measures, c arried on initially by the Western
European Union as a n armed branch of the Europea n Union, have been replaced by actions of implication of
the Union in managing s ome conflicts. The Lisbon Treaty confirms the commitments of the member states
and mentions the fact that the European Union will dispose of the necessary measures for the defense of its
objectives and to contribute to world peace and stability.
Keywords: foreign policy; European security policy; International Criminal Court
1. Motivation
The world after the “Cold war” is a world of open frontiers, in which the internal and external aspects
related to security are tightly connected. Security is a precondition for development (Profiroiu &
Profiroiu& Popescu, 2008, p.110). The conflict destroys infrastructure, encourages criminality,
making impossible the normal process of economical activities. Furthermore, genocide, inhuman and
degrading treatment, missing persons, slavery and crimes against humanity, but also the serious
violations of the war legislation defined by the Statute of the International Criminal Court are forms
that threaten the safety of the population. This category an also include serious breaches of the right
food, health and housing.
SES lists five key threats for Europe: terrorism, proliferation of mass destruction weapons, regional
conflicts, states in crisis and organized crime.
1
In order to protect their security and promote its values, the European Union provisions the following
strategic objectives: confrontation with threats; ensuring the proximity security; an international order
based on efficient multilateral character.
2
The dimension and the importance given to the future of European security is an aspect without
precedence in the European history. The nature of security has been fundamentally reorganized,
becoming a constant concern for the European Union. And the best role for Europe in the 20
th
century
is to promote global security.
1
Commission of the European communities- A Secure Europe in a Better World- European Secur ity Strategy, Brussels,
2003.
2
Idem.

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