1 C. DUGULEAN2
Abstract: The paper refers to the environmental dimension of sustainable
development in the European Union, emphasized by the Europe 2020 Strategy,
presenting the dynamics of greenhouse gas emissions between 19 90-2011 in
the Europea n Union and in Romania, a nd also the forecasting until 2015. The
modern analysis of decoupling between two indicators: GDP and the
greenhouse gas emissions wa s used for showing the way of these r elative
changes dur ing 2005-2011 in the EU countries.
Key words: environmental sustainability, annual avera ge dynamic rate,
GDP, green house gas emissions, decoupling analysis.
Sustainable development, established in
the Europe 2020 Strategy, has economic,
social, cultural and environmental
The environmental dimensions are
characterized by the indicators: greenhouse
gas emissions, share of renewable energy
sources in final energy consumption and
The headlines indicators for
environmental and climate changes
established by the Europe 2020 Strategy
are: greenhouse gas emissions should be
reduced by 20% compared to 1990, the
share of renewable energy sources in final
energy consumption should be increased to
20% and energy efficiency should improve
by 20%. The paper establishes the extent to
which these targets could be attained
considering the evolution of these
indicators until the most recent year for
which there are recorded data, i.e. 2011.
The relative positions of the EU countries
with reference to the environmental
1 Dept. of Management and Economic Informatics, Transilvania University of Braov.
2 Dept. of Finances, Accounting and Economics, Transilvania University of Braov.
dimensions which define their processes of
sustainable development will be based on
the data from EUROSTAT.
2. Greenhouse Gas Emissions -Dynamics
in the European Union between 1990
The United Nations Framework
Convention on Climate Change is an
international treaty about global warming
which was agreed in 1992 at the Earth
Summit in Rio de Janeiro.
This treaty was followed in 1997 by the
Kyoto Protocol, which established the legal
problems for reducing the greenhouse gas
emissions, which conduct to global
warming and climate changes. The Kyoto
Protocol contains a basket of six
greenhouse gases with effects on climate
change. Based on the Global Warming
Potential (GWP) of carbon dioxide as a base
unit, the measures for Global Warming
Potential (GWP) for other gases were
established as relative warming effects. The
greenhouse gas emissions are expressed in