European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation - a legal form supporting cross-border cooperation in the European Union

Author:Tomás Malatinec, Ján Kyjovský
Pages:261-270
SUMMARY

European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) is European legal form that can be established under the Regulation (EC) No. 1082/2006 on a European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation. This measure is a part of the European Union's Cohesion Policy, which aims to gradually reduce regional disparities and promote economic, social and territorial cohesion. EGTC supports and facilitates the... (see full summary)

 
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European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation a legal form
supporting cross-border cooperation in the European Union
Assistant professor Tomáš MALATINEC1
Student Ján KYJOVSKÝ2
Abstract
European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) is European legal form that
can be established under the Regulation (EC) No. 1082/2006 o n a European Grouping of
Territorial Cooperation. This measure is a part of the European Union’s Cohesion Policy,
which aims to gradually reduce regional disparities a nd promote economic, social and
territorial cohesion. EGTC supports and facilitates the formalized cross-border cooperation
between Member States of the European Union, as well as their regional and local public
authorities. Cross-border cooperation, which is a part of the Cohesion Policy, focuses mainly
on border regions, whose weakness is their periphery location. In connection with the
creation of the EGTCs, Member States may adopt measures to support this legal form by
their national legislation and practice. The aim of the article is to present EGT C in terms of
the European material and formal sources of law that have prompted the emergence of this
legal form and govern the conditions for its establishment. EGTCs have the predisposition
to carry o ut various activities related to cross-border cooperation. The European legal
framework allows the use of EGTCs as entities for implementation of cross-border public
procurement.
Keywords: European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation, legal form, cross-
border cooperation, European integration.
JEL Classification: K19, K23, K39
1. Introduction
The European Union carries out, in a pursuit of its objectives, numerous
policies which are either in its exclusive competence or are performed as common
or supportive one in relation to the Member States. One of the most important
policies of the European Union is undoubtedly its cohesion policy. The Cohesion
Policy of the European Union is an important tool used in a support of the European
integration. It is the most important investment policy of the European Union. It aims
to promote economic, social and territorial cohesion. Cohesion policy was grounded
1 Tomáš Malatinec Department of Regional Science and Management, Faculty of Economics,
Technical University of Košice; PhD. student - Department of Commercial Law and Business Law,
Faculty of Law, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, Slovakia, tomas.malatinec@tuke.sk.
2 Ján Kyjovský Master's student, Faculty of Economics, Technical University of Košice, Slovakia,
jan.kyjovsky.2@student.tuke.sk.

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