European Citizenship between Past and Future

AuthorGeorgeta Modiga
PositionAssociate Professor, PhD, Faculty of Law, 'Danubius' University of Galati, Romania
The European Citizen and Public Administration
The European Citizen and Public Administration
European Citizenship between Past and Future
Georgeta Modiga
Abstract: The European Union, an organization built on the ruins of the Second World War the desire to
curb the war on the continent once and for all, was doomed from the beginning to end in one day political
contours, so Europe is now united policy at the core of the future of Europe. This aspiration has become
increasingly manifest in the adoption in 1992 of the Treaty of Maastricht, culmina ting today with the debate
on the European Constitution. “Europe” today was forged from th e beginning of the ruling political elites and
not the citizens. Is it p ossible to continue this course today? Talking about European citizenship is part of the
broader theory and political philosophy, legal and sociological. East European citizenship a recent concept
(established by the Treaty of Maastricht in 1992) born of an old id ea (dating approximately from the 40s) that
refers to a reality uncertain and inconsistent. Holders of European citizenship are n ationals of Member States
of the European Union. Citizenship as a concept has a content both political (the right of citizenship Fortress
defining an individual's personal status) and legal (on the set of sub jective rights that an individual may
invoke). Existential condition of citizenship is the ability to have rights (individual rights as positive theory of
law) and be able to implement them. As a consequence, European citizenship exists to the extent that its
holders can enjoy rights derived from this status.
Keywords: citizens; European; European society
Although the scientific use of the notion ofEuropean identity has made progress since 2000, the
term continues to pose problems. Much of the literature on
This topic deals with the general philosophy in historical terms or common values and lifestyle of
Europe, either as a continent bringing together a set of states, either as a civilization that distinguish it
from the rest of the world, to some extent legitimate integration economic and politica1. Another part
of the literature deals with European identity as a process of psycho- sociological or socio -political
attachment of citizens to the European space policy and community achieved through integration.
European identity will gradually raise a number of sociological debates bearing on the validity of the
concept of identity. Rogers Brubaker and Frederick Cooper highlights the drawbacks of the concept
that frequent reformulations made him less operational; In this sense, identity is, as Sophie says
Duchesne, caught in a series of tensions: between similarity and difference, objectivity and
subjectivity; individually and collectively; permanent contextually and transformation.
In a sociological book, Charles Tilly treats identities (always plural) via responses that individuals /
groups give individuals question the: who are we?, Claiming that these responses exert an undeniable
influence on the ability and inclination to social actors negotiate and act as one.
1 Associate Professor, PhD, Faculty of Law, “Danubius” University of Galati, Romania. Address: 3 Galati Boulevard, 800654
Galati, Romania, Tel.: +40.372.361.102, fax: +40.372.361.290, Corresponding author:

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