International Relations in the Contemporary World. Geopolitics and Diplomacy
Eurasia: The Rivalry of Global Integration Projects
Abstract: The article reveals the Eurasian integration projects as major drivers of world globalization.
Eurasian regionalism seems to be gaining attention in the scientific liter ature. Under the current political
circumstance many regio ns are accelerating integration and many countries are opting for regional
associations as a mechanism to help them overcome the global recession. Moreover, the global political
leaders , some developed countries - the U.S., China, and the European Union (EU) are interested to set up
regional economic blocs such as Eurasian Economic Union (The EEU), the China's project 'One Belt One
Road', the U.S's projects - The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and The Transatlantic Trade and Investment
Partnership (TTIP). The goal of this paper is to introduce a number of integration initiatives and to analyze
the current strategies of Eurasian regionalism.
Keywords: The European Union (EU); The Eurasian Economic Union (EEU); The One Belt One Road
(OBOR); The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP); The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)
In recent years there take place a various economic, political and military shocks - the economic crisis,
the problem of illegal migration, the conflict in Ukraine, terrorism, military clashes in the Middle East
- all of this facts tells us that existing system of international relations is needed to be transformed
according to a new reality. Considering the global political instability and crisis processes the modern
stage of international relation system is characterized by intensifying of integration activity. Some
states are trying to solve their internal and external problems combining their efforts with other states
within the integration unions.
In the XX century Halford Mackinder, Karl Haushofer, Nicholas Spykman who are regarded as the
founding fathers of both geopolitics and geostrategy in their geopolitical conceptions consider the
Eurasia as a key continent and therefore as an object of political and economic rivalry between the
most powerful international actors.
The major integrating centers in Eurasia are the EU, Russia, China and the USA. Each of these centers
have implement their own integration initiatives and cooperation programs. The international crisis
that began in 2014 because of the political events in Ukraine partly was a result of serious conflict of
interest between Russia and the EU about the post-soviet space' future prospects which is perceived in
Moscow as a natural historical, geographical, economic and cultural Russia's zone of influence.
1 PhD Student at the Department of History and World Politics Odessa I.I. Mechnikov National University, Ukraine,
Address: Dvoryanskaya Str, 2 Odessa, Ukraine, Corresponding author: email@example.com.