EU Integrated Maritime Policy and multilevel governance

Author:Fátima Castro Moreira - Bárbara Magalhães BRAVO
Position:Fátima Castro Moreira - Portucalense University; visiting professor at Nova Lisbon School of Law; researcher at IJP ? Portucalense Institute for Legal Research, Portugal, fcmoreira@upt.pt. 2 Bárbara Magalhães Bravo - Portucalense University; visiting professor at University of Minho School of Law; researcher at IJP ? Portucalense Institute for ...
Pages:535-548
EU Integrated Maritime Policy and multilevel governance
Assistant professor Fátima Castro MOREIRA1
Assistant professor Bárbara Magalhães BRAVO2
Abstract
Marine and coa stal environment are under pressure from several pollution sour ces.
Most of the en vironmental law was developed on a sectora l basis a nd does not reflect the
interdependence of the var ious issues a nd their solutions. Since the a doption of Blue Book,
EU legislation to protect the marine environment has been pr ogressively implemented in
many r elevant areas: Fisher ies, Shipping, Tourism, energy, etc. The Integra ted Maritime
Policy covers several cr oss-cutting policies, more specifically blue growth, marine data and
knowledge, maritime spatia l planning, integrated maritime surveillance, a nd sea basin
strategies. Oceans and sea are influenced by many activities, interests a nd policies and ar e
interlinked. A holistic, integra ted approach is the best way to hand le maritime affairs, with
States cooperation not only on an EU States basis but also with third States and Interna tional
Organiza tions. International Or ganizations provide an essential forum for inter national co-
operatio n in relation to environmental issue s. In this context they have two important roles
to pla y: environmental policy-making a nd the development of inter national environmental
law.
Keywords: marine environment protection; ocea n governa nce; integrated maritime
Policy; mar itime spatial p lanning.
JEL Classifications: K23, K32, K33, K39
1. Chronologic review
Integrated Maritime Policy (IMP) is a holistic approach to all EU sea-related
policies. Based on the idea that, by coordinating its policies, the Union can reap more
benefits from seas and oceans with less environmental impact, the IMP covers areas
as diverse as fisheries and aquaculture, transport and seaports, marine environment,
marine research, offshore energy, shipbuilding and marine related industries,
maritime surveillance, coastal and maritime tourism, employment, development of
coastal regions and external relations concerning maritime issues.3
The first step in building the IMP was the launch of the “Green Paper for a
Future Union Maritime Policy. A European Vision for the Oceans and Seas” in 2006.
1 Fátima Castro Moreira - Portucalense University; visiting professor at Nova Lisbon School of Law;
researcher at IJP Portucalense Institute for Legal Research, Portugal, fcmoreira@upt.pt.
2 Bárbara Magalhães Bravo - Portucalense University; visiting professor at University of Minho School
of Law; researcher at IJP Portucalense Institute for Legal Research, Portugal, barbaram@upt.pt.
3 See Regulation (EU) 1380/2013 of th e European Parliament and of the Council of the 11 December
2013 on the Common Fisheries Policy, amending Council Regulations (EC) 1954/2003 and (EC)
1224/2009 and repealing Council Regulations (EC) 639/2004 and Council Decision 2004/585/EC;
Regulation (EU) 508/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on the
European Maritime and Fisheries Fund; Doc 14631/07 COM (2007) 575 final, Doc 16616/07,
(paragraph 58) and Doc 15175/1/09 REV 1.

To continue reading

Request your trial