Demographic Challenge - Economic and Social Aspects in Romania

AuthorFlorin Dan Puscaciu, Viorica Puscaciu, Rose-Marie Puscaciu
Performance and Risks in the European Economy
Demographic Challenge - Economic and Social Aspects in Romania
Florin-Dan Pușcaciu1, Viorica Pușcaciu2, Rose-Marie Pușcaciu3
Abstract: This paper aims at capturing the fundamental changes recorded in the current evolution of the
Romanian population and also foreshadowing of weather. The decreasing of the population in our country is a
very worrying phenomenon, and that is why we believe that the topic is of interest to both academic debate
and also for the country; thus is for implementing executive some emergency measures to stop this
phenomenon that punctuate effects on future generations. It is tru e that a slowdown in population growth is
registered in the entire European continent, but what is registered in Romania is much worse, even compared
only with the eastern continent. In this approach we intend to study some initial traits of evolution population
in Europe, detect a number of negative traits and subsequently fit the evolution of Romania's population, thus
framing Romania following Eu ropean evolution. An aging population is another major phenomenon, with
Romania registering more than 210,000 people over 65 than young people under 14 years. This situation is
due to a part of a policy o f ultra-restrictive and contrary to human dignity from the communist period and the
changes in rural life since 1989. In order to tackle these issues we used some quantitative and qualitative
methods, with the tools like: statistics, graphics and mathematics order are necessary in the measurable
results, and in the development of predictions.
Keywords: decreasing; population; aging population; the age pyramid.
Motto: Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored.
Aldous Haxley (1894-1963)
1. Introduction
This model of demographic change remains a central preoccupation in contemporary population
studies (Szreter, 1993) noticed Simon Szreter (1993) and demographic transition theory is generally
considered to have been given its classic formulation in two separate publications, by Frank W.
Notestein and by Kinslay Davis, both composed in 1944 and published in 1945.
But the theory of demographic transition, or demographic revolution was first proposed by Adolphe
Landry (1874-1956) in his seminal La revolution demographique (Landry, 1987, pp. 731-740),
published in 1934 (Landry 1934/1982). (Laundry, 1934). The theory was thereafter reformulated
between 1945 and 1953 by the American demographer Frank W. Notestein (1902-1983), which
1 Professor, PhD, Department of Economics, Danubius University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd., Galati
800654, Romania, Tel.: +40372361102, E-mail:
2 P rofessor, PhD, University of So uth-East Europe Lumina, Romania, Address: 64B Sos. Colentina, Bucharest, Romania,
Tel.: +4 021 240 30 22; Fax: +4 021 240 30 33, Corresponding author:
3, Senior Lecturer, PhD, Department of Economics, Danubius University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd., Galati
800654, Romania, Tel.: +40372361102, Corresponding author:

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