Current Confrontations of Romanian Higher Education

AuthorFlorin Dan Puscaciu, Viorica Puscaciu
European Integration - Realities and Perspectives. Proceedings 2017
Current Confrontations of Romanian Higher Education
Florin-Dan Pușcaciu1, Viorica Pușcaciu2
Abstract: Romanian education has crossed a period framed after the Revolution of 1989, which had to adapt
to the new demands of th e market economy. The Romanian education transition had also to be reformed in
conditions in which it passed from a strict higher education, limited in numerical terms, to one in which
admission has often become a mere formality. The emergence of higher private education was also an element
specific to the period. In the d esire to adapt, update th e legal framework, the Romanian education was most
affected by the legislative changes. Thus, only the current law on education, in force from 2011, was amended
152 articles from 365, in other words, in a pro portion of 41%3. Over these aspects, specific to Romania, it
overlapped the requirements of adapting the education to the European require ments, by implementin g the
Bologna process. These problems specific to the domain overlapped the economic difficulties specific to the
transition period to the market economy. The issue of higher education is the subject of th e present paper, in
which we sought to establish a few specific aspects of the domain and the period, in this sense we have recourse
to comparisons with the Eu ropean Union or with other countries. In the treatment of the topic we used the
statistical tool as well as the graphic synthesis method of the evolution of analyzed phenomena. In this regard,
we used the R Studio program.
Key words: financing of education, number of graduates, structure of graduates by forms of ownership and
university centers
JEL Code: A20, A29, C1, C4, E 37.
“To be Educator means to be a poet of love.
Never forget that I will take a little of the being you, in my own being."
Augusto Cury
1. Introduction
The structure of the Romanian education system includes: pre-school education, primary education,
lower secondary education, general compulsory education, upper secondary education, arts and crafts
schools, apprentice schools, post-high school education and higher education.
After 1989, Romanian education has made progress despite the difficult economic conditions and the
changes that have occurred in the social life. After 1998 the reform of education was started as a result
of gradual democratization and infusion of European and World Bank funds.
1 Professor, PhD, Department of Economics, Danubius University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd., Galati 800654,
Romania, Tel.: +40372361102, E-mail:
2 Professor, PhD, Department of Economics, Danubius University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd., Galati 800654,
Romania, Tel.: +40372361102, Corresponding author:
3 See minister Wednesday, 15 March 20 17

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