Culture and Cooperation during the Interwar Period

Author:Anisoara Popa
Globalization and Cultural Diversity
Culture and Cooperation during the Interwar Period
Anişoara Popa1
Abstract: Starting from the most important Publications of the International Institute for Intellectual
Cooperation (1925-1946) we will explore the ideas concernin g culture and personalities involved in the
intellectual cooperation during the Interwar Period. Pointing out the role that the International Institute of
Intellectual Cooperation had and the Romanian contribution to this cooperation is another purpose of this
Keywords: culture; cooperation; League of Nations; International Institute of Intellectual Cooperation;
interwar period
The internecine, unprecedented confrontation of states and empires in the Great War has shaken the
world and it determined the call to rational choices for building a peace that would make a similar
experience impossible for the future. The Society of Nations, as the main institutional body
representing rationality, would contribute to conflict management, overcoming the significant moral
crisis and the insurance of a just, equilibrated/real peace. In this context, intellectual cooperation of all
the illuminated minds of those times would be involved in this forum, that would constitute special
structures in this sense and it would create an extended international debate.
After referring to the distinct stages of the “cultural interwar building” and to the objectives and
paradigm of this cooperation, we will insist, in this article, on the most influent acceptations that
culture and cooperation carried during this period. We will underline also the Romanian contribution
and also the importance of the Romanian intellectuals’ involvement in the cultural cooperation of the
Regarding the steps of the “cultural interwar building”, researchers focused rigorously on trying to
understand the mechanisms, the endeavors, achievements or the causes of the failure. (Iacobescu,
1988; Renoliet, 1999; González, 2014 etc.)
It was shown that “the institutional concretization of the intellectual cooperation concept took place in
1922, by creating the International Committee for Intellectual Cooperation, which brought together
famous intellectuals such as Henri Bergson, Marie Curie, Albert Einstein, Thomas Mann, Paul Valery
and it was considered back then as one of the most influential intellectual international organizations.”
(Carbunaru, p. 130).
1 Professor, PhD, Faculty of Communication and International Relations, “Danubius” University of Galati. Address: 3 Galati
Boulevard, 800654 Galati, Romania, Tel.: +40.372.361.102, fax: +40.372.361.290. Corresponding author: apopa@univ-

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