The Criminality and its Psychological Features

Author:George Dorel Popa - Carmen Mariana Neagu
Position:Senior Lecturer, PhD, Ovidius University of Constanta; Romania - Psychologist Specialist
Pages:91-94
SUMMARY

Preventing and fighting crime preoccupied and concerned humanity along its history. This concern is fully justified because the crime is serious harm of the human interests, endangering fundamental values and it is affecting the proper functioning of the social system. But what constitutes criminal behavior and how the individual gets the specialized skills in the area of criminality? What is its ... (see full summary)

 
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Legal Sciences
91
The Criminality and its Psychological Features
George Dorel Popa
1
, Carmen Mariana Neagu
2
Abstract: Preventing and fighting crime preoccupied a nd concerned humanity along its history. This concern
is fully justified because the crime is serious harm of the human interests, endangering fundamental values
and it is affecting the proper functioning of the social system. But what c onstitutes criminal behavior and how
the individual gets the specialized skills in the area of criminality? What is its specificity? Any society
appreciates the b ehavior of its members in terms of their compliance to the moral and legal rules. Failure to
follow these rules will lead to coercive or punitive measures. The collective programming of the mind gives
pattern for the individual behavior and about how the individual reacts. The reaction is observable in the
diversity of cultural patterns of individuals forming a society. A study recently elaborated by the Journal of
the Association for Psychological claims that people belonging to the different cultures perceive the aspects
of reality in a different way. The researchers found differences in how different cultures think about other
cultures. The originality of t his paper is consisting in understanding of criminality using the three factors that
define the formation and development of human personality. The added value of the paper come from
interdisciplinary presentation of the scourge of this age - criminality.
Keywords: criminality; punishment; behavior; legal rules; psychology
1. Biological Component
This paper highlights the conditions and factors that cause some psychological elements that lead to
crime. Evaluation of the nature of the human psyche and its ways of expression is the way the judicial
psychology develops its specific psychological concepts. This paper shows that legal psychology is a
special science studying psychosocial phenomena and in the same time, facts of individual, group or
collective. These phenomena arise from the communication and interaction between people in all their
social activities and appear in their conceptions, motivations, attitudes, beliefs, behaviors and
mentalities. Some of these are in accordance with rules established by society, but other are not fold
on these social standards. Study of crime and its psychological features could be a key for solving
many problems. This work may contribute to complex work of police, prosecutors or judicial
psychologists who daily fight against crime and its social consequences.Crime gets social
characteristics of special importance for the whole society, because the consequences “might be
crucial for the working way of the system” – (Anechitoae et al., 2007, pp. 32-40). The specialists
involved in studying the phenomenon of crime are primarily interested in causal explanation of it, but
also in the psychological aspects of criminality and criminal.
Social environment we are born and raised is a crucial element of our future behavior. People who are
born and live in an environment marked by crime are likely to commit crimes in a much higher rate
than those born and educated in a moral environment.
Cultural differences are obviously very deep in our thinking way, challenging the commonsense. In
this context, the main question is whether the way people react is predetermined (found in ontogenesis
of individual group membership) or receive fingerprint of the society where the person has been born
1
Senior Lecturer, PhD, Ovidius University of Const anta; Romania, 1 Aleea Universitatii, Constanta, Romania, Tel.: +40241-
511000/326 Fax: +40241-543045, Corresponding author: popageorgedrd@yahoo.com.
2
Psychologist Specialist, Constanta County Police Department; B-dul Mamaia, no. 106, Constanta 900527, Romania, tel.:
+40241611364, fax: 0241 / 61 61 50, e-mail: drept.secretariat@univ-ovidius.ro.

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