Considerations on the Romanian-Soviet Historical Diplomatic Relations in the View of Nicolae Titulescu

AuthorCristian Sandache
International Relations in the Contemporary World. Geopolitics and Diplomacy
Considerations on the Romanian-Soviet Historical Diplomatic Relations in
the View of Nicolae Titulescu
Cristian Sandache1
Abstract: The paper seeks a reassessment of the analysis on the model of Romania's forei gn policy in the
view o f Nicolae Titulescu, with a particular emphasis on the Romanian-Soviet relations during the period
when Titulescu was the chief of the Romanian diplomacy. The local historiographical literature has generally
increased, the theoretical value of Titulescu’s thinking, mentioning rarely about his utopian elements, was too
focused on legal constructs, to the detriment of pragmatic realism and historical background. Our concerns in
this regard were illustrated in some texts and specialized volumes on the geopolitical implications of the
Romanian-Soviet relations, and this paper is intended to b e a synthesis t ypical for a process of nuancing
regarding the action of a reference personality of the contemporary Romanian diplomacy.
Keywords: Nicolae Titulescu; Romania; USSR; collective security; negotiation; treaty
The foreign policy of Romania's inter-war period was represented (especially if we consider
the period from 20 October 1932 to 29 August 1936) by Nicolae Titulescu, as Minister of
Foreign Affairs, he had previously held this position between July 6, 1927 -30 July 1928.
The complex and simultaneously contradictory personality of Nicolae Titulescu has been the
subject of numerous articles, studies and books. The absolute majority of the Romanian
historians consider that Titulescu is an exceptional diplomat, probably the most brilliant
foreign minister that Romania has ever had. His undeniable intelligence, vast culture,
oratorical grace, poise and spontaneity were his main strengths. At the same time, the man
had his quirks, which some contemporaries did not hesitate to record them: exceedingly
difficult, excessive spender with the ministry funds which he was leading, misbehavior, often
The brilliance of his public statements was sometimes overshadowed by certain haste for
choosing solutions, which some observers of the political life have sanctioned them harshly.
We aim in the current analysis an approach of Titulescu’s vision on the diplomatic relations
between Romania and the USSR, a controversial and important subject, equally adapted to the
economic, historical or geopolitical paradigm.
In 1924, referring to Romania's relations with the USSR, Nicolae Titulescu considered that
between the two countries it would have been a real friendship, and it ought to be maintained
further identifying that goal with a profession of faith of his mission as a diplomat.
Unquestionably, the humanist, tolerant spirit, relaxed in this Titulescu’s conviction can only
honor if, historically speaking, the reference on the traditions of the Romanian-Russian
1Associate Professor, PhD, F aculty of Communication and International Relations, Danubius University of Galati, Romania,
Address: 3 Galati Blvd., Galati 800654, Romania, Tel.: +40372361102, Corresponding author: cristian.sandache@univ-

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