European Integration - Realities and Perspectives. Proceedings 2018
Comparative Analysis of Personal Income Taxation
Abstract: This paper presents a comparative analysis of personal income taxation in different countries. This
is an important component of fiscal policy and directly influences the budget revenues. Over time there have
been several taxation systems, and today they differ from state to state. The statistics contain detailed
information on income ta x on individuals and their income, including gender, age, income and source of
income. This work shows how the income distribution of individual taxpayers has changed over time, as well
as the differences and similarities of personal income taxation in the different countries.
Keywords: fiscal policy; comparative analysis of fiscal policy; personal income; taxation
JEL Classification: C15; E62; E63; H20; H24
All people pay taxes, regardless of nationality, sex or religion, so taxation is part of our lives, of all.
Employees pay from wage in addition to personal income tax and a series of social contributions that,
although not of a fiscal nature, are payment obligations that affect net income and which have the
highest percentage of taxes and fees paid.
Worldwide, there is a trend towards fiscal harmonization, but taxes differ greatly from one country to
another, and even within the EU Member States. Thus, the rate of taxation differs greatly depending
on the degree of development of the country concerned, in the sense that it is lower in developing
countries and higher in developed ones.
The income tax on individuals has a very wide scope and differs greatly in terms of tax rates that can
be proportional or progressive. This is a direct tax, paid and directly supported by the individual,
which makes it the basic element of any fiscal system, especially if it is also considered that it
contributes, on average, by about 25-30% to the formation of tax revenues of a country.
The European Union has no role to establish taxes. The rate of tax is decided by the governments of
the Member States. The EU’s role is to ensure that national taxes are in accord with EU policies and
do not discriminate individuals.
1 AssocТate Professor, PСD, Dunărea de Jos University of Galati, Romania, Address: 47 Domnească Street, 800008, Galati,
Romania, E-mail: email@example.com.