Community Development

Author:L?cr?mioara Mocanu, Diana Pradai?
Position:Associate Professor, PhD, Faculty of Communication and International Relations, Specialization Psychology, Danubius University of Galati, Romania/Professor, APIEU Bacau, Romania
Pages:357-361
ISSN: 2067 9211 New Trends in Psychology
357
Community Development
Lăcrămioara Mocanu1, Diana Pradaiș2
Abstract: The article approaches the issue of crime-prevention through urban planning in Norway, discussing
the ideas and differences between physical(hard) and symbolic(soft) delineations of territo ry, questioning if
they might not be that different, since they share similar objectives: to protect against someone or to prevent
someone from accessing an area. In Norwegian history, the year 1970 marks, among many others, the
beginning of a new urban planning movement called Crime Prevention through Environmental Design
(CPTED). The basic idea behind the program as well as the Scandinavian crime prevention system is to
prevent crime. However, the main difference is that the new movement militated for the marking of territories
with symbolic, inclusive measures rather than fences and walls.
Keywords: crime-prevention; urban planning; Norwegian history
“Urban environments can be designed or redesigned to reduce the opportunities to crime (or fear of
crime), but without resorting to the building of fortress and the resulting deterioration of urban life.
This is not just law enforcement and punishment and not just armed guards and big-brother
surveillance, but the ‘restoration’ of informal social control and the way of helping ordinary citizens
‘regain’ control and take responsibility of their immediate environment.”- Stanley Cohen, 1985.
The article approaches the issue of crime-prevention through urban planning in Norway, discussing
the ideas and differences between physical(hard) and symbolic(soft) delineations of territory,
questioning if they might not be that different, since they share similar objectives: to protect against
someone or to prevent someone from accessing an area.
In Norwegian history, the year 1970 marks, among many others, the beginning of a new urban
planning movement called Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED). The basic idea
behind the program as well as the Scandinavian crime prevention system is to prevent crime.
However, the main difference is that the new movement militated for the marking of territories with
symbolic, inclusive measures rather than fences and walls.
1 Associate Professor, PhD, Faculty of Communication and International Relations, Specialization Psychology, Danubius
University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd., 800654 Galati, Romania, Tel.: +40372361102, Fax: +40372361290,
Corresponding author: lacramioaramocanu@univ-danubius.ro.
2 Professor, APIEU Bacau, Romania, Address: 33, Str. Mihai Eminescu, Bacau, Romania.

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