Cognitive - Behavioral Interventions in Depressive - Anxiety Disorder Case Study

AuthorNeaga Susanu
PositionSenior Lecturer, PhD, Danubius University of Galasi, Faculty of Communication and International Relations, Danubius University of Galati, Romania
European Integration - Realities and Perspectives. Proceedings 2019
New Trends in Psychology
Cognitive- Behavioral Interventions
in Depressive-Anxiety Disorder. Case Study
Susanu Neaga1
Abstract: In this paper I used methods specific to cognitive-behavioural psychotherapy in solving a case of
depressive-anxiety disorder with panic attacks. Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is a form of pr oblem-
focussed psychotherapy, with obvious results centred on ameliorating or curing neuropsychotic (nervous
diseases) or psychosomatic symptoms (relating to the mental origin of certai n diseases). After a nine -seat
sessions, the patient’s condition is greatly improved, panic attacks decreased as frequency and intensity. I have
noticed in my patient’s evolution th at depressive symptomatology has been reduced by r educing the anxiety
symptoms. I told him that there might be panic attacks, but that this is irrelevant to the idea of reoccurrence of
the anxiety disorder. It is good to interpret the possible panic attack as an event from which to learn something
- to analyze it, to think about what it has caused.
Keywords: Depression; anxiety; panic attacks; rational/irrational beliefs; cognition; behaviour; self-confidence
Psychotherapy is based on the assumption that, even in the case of a somatic pathology, the way the
individual will perceive and evaluate his condition as well as the adaptive strategies he uses, plays a role
in the evolution of the disorder, and these strategies will need to be modified if we want the disease to
evolve favourably. Based on any psychotherapy is the belief that people with psychological problems
have the ability to change by learning new strategies to perceive, evaluate and behave.
According to psychology specialists, Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (TCC) is a problem-focused form
of psychotherapy with obvious results centred on alleviating or curing neuropsychological (nervous
diseases) or psychosomatic symptoms (on the mental origin of some diseases).
This psychotherapeutic school combines two therapies: cognitive and behavioural.
In the cognitive-behavioural therapy, special emphasis is given to cognitive and attitude restructuring
techniques. The basic principle of therapy starts from the fact that the way a person behaves is
determined, first of all, by the way that person interprets the immediate situations. I will present a case
study in which I have used methods and techniques in the field of cognitive-behavioural psychotherapy.
1 Senior Lecturer, PhD, Danubius Uni versity of Galați, Faculty of Communication and International Relations, Danubius
University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd., Galati 800654, Romania, Tel .: +40372361102, Corresponding author:
neli_susanu@univ-danubius. ro.

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