LESIJ NO. XXV, VOL. 2/2018
BRIEF OVERVIEW ON THE PENITENTIARY SYSTEM – LESS COMMON
Constantin Marc NEAGU
After last year’s study regarding the occupational therapy as a possible solution for preventing
the breach of criminal law
, in which we have analysed the penitentiaries in Europe, we have
considered to further explore the penitentiary system in order to show the lesser-common aspects.
Around the world there are prisons which offer those who have been convicted a decent life, as
these facilities have been especially designed to re-educate them.
Therefore, we have considered that it might be useful to approach the types of penitentiaries that
exist around the world because the persons interested in this subject will have the possibility to get a
comprehensive view on the evolution of one specific part of the punitive justice system, namely prisons,
considering the development of the human society, as well as peoples’ mentalities.
Keywords: penitentiary, prison, punitive measures, security.
In our opinion, it might prove useful to
approach the types of penitentiaries that
exist in various countries round the world
because the characteristics, that some of
them have, underline not o nly lesser-known
facts, but also lesser-common aspects.
Thus, those interested in this issue will
have the possibility to get a comprehensive
view on the evolution of one specific part of
the punitive justice system, namely prisons,
considering the development of the human
society, as well as peoples’ mentalities.
Along time, in the evolution of
mankind, there have been different views on
Assistant Lecturer, Phd Candidate, Faculty of Law, “Nicolae Titulescu” University of Bucharest (e-mail:
Please see Constantin Marc Neagu, Occupational Therapy - Possible Solution for Preventing the Breach of
Criminal Law and Socially Reintegrating Offenders, published in LESIJ – Lex et Scientia International Journal, no.
XXIV, vol. 2/2017, p. 136 – 144, available at http://lexetscientia.univnt.ro/ro/articol/OCCUPATIONAL-
Please see https://www.ziare.com/.
punitive measures, which have had direct
consequences on the organizations of the
spaces allocated to offenders, so that these
places would either instil fear o r regulate
human relationships (e.g. keeping families
2. Less Co mmon Penitentiaries
Around the World
The Sark Prison is the smallest prison
in the world and is situated on Sark Island in
Guernsey, a British territor y, a few hundred
kilometres away from the French coast. This
prison was built in 1856 and it has only two
cells. Local authorities still use it for short