Brief analysis of the european union's directives in the area of water protection and the level of their national implementation
|Position:||Senior Lecturer, Ph.D., Faculty of Economic Sciences and Law, University of Pitesti|
The present study starts from the fact that, at present, the water pollution is a real problem and the efforts unfolded for its prevention or for the removal of its negative effects when it occurred, must be supported, continuous requiring both a regional and an international cooperation. The action performed by the European Union in the area of water protection are reflected in different directives which have as main objectives the insurance of the drinking-water supply, the proper management of water resources, the battle against drought and floods, the battle against water pollution. The rational protection and management of water resources, as well as the insurance of their quality is an important part of the environmental policy of the European Union. Given these aspects, the current paper presents the main legislative interventions of the European Union in the area of water protection. It also aims to show to which extent Romania has managed to implement the EU legislation in this area. As a conclusion, given all efforts laid by the Member States, almost half of the European hydric systems have failed to reach the legislative objectives established by the Union. Starting from the reality that water is constantly under the threat of a wide variety of pressures exposing the sweet water ecosystems and the associated forms caused by humans and pollution, continuing with the fact that the use of fields, water intake, climatic changes represent changes modifying the natural debit of water systems, it is necessary that the fight against these factors be continuous and pointed in the same direction as a national, communitarian and international level, the divergences not being justified in this area.