The 'Ecosystem-Pauperism' Binary. Assessments Regarding the Insurance of Environment Durability 8 Years Later from the Millennium Summit

Author:Luminita Maria Craciun
Position:ASE University of Bucharest
Pages:625-634
SUMMARY

The unprecedented post-industrial development has ended up in disturbing the bio-climatic cycles of the planet’s ecosystem. The excessive exploitation of the nature and the increase of the waste volume exhaust the ecosystems more quickly than their capacity of renewal. While the urban ecosystems (parks, green areas, running waters) ensure important services to the population (recreation, air... (see full summary)

 
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The “Ecosystem-Pauperism” Binary. Assessments Regarding the Insurance of
Environment Durability 8 Years Later from the Millennium Summit
Luminita Maria Craciun
ASE University of Bucharest, craciun.maria@gmail.com
Abstract: The unprecedented post-industrial development has ended up in disturbing th e bio-climatic
cycles of the planet’s ecosystem. The excessive exploitation of the nature and the increase of the waste
volume exhaust the ecosystems more quickl y than their capacity of renewal. While the urban ecosystems
(parks, green areas, running waters) ensure important services to the population (recreation, air quality),
the rural ecosystems are the ones to ensure the goods and services that are necessary to everyday life. The
incapacity for turning the ecosystems’ potential into revenues dissimulate a dysfunction at th e governing
level. The challenge consists in modifying this equatio n, facilitating a high access of poor to the local
potential of the ecosystems and their capability of t ransforming, by sustainable models the nature
productivity into incomes.
Keywords: ecosystem, pauperism, environment income, biological agriculture, limited water consumption
For approximately 1,1 billion people, whose daily living is situated at the severe pauperism status, nature
represents « the umbilical cord » – a capital for which there is little alternative for other types of material
resources. Three quarters of the pauper households of the world are located in rural areas, where drawing
products out of woods, crops, fish farms, represent the main income. The dependence of the means of
living on the natural systems is the most accurately represented by the rural poverty and it is highlighted in
the table below:
Percentage of the active workers in agriculture, fishing, wooded areas, at the global level, 2001
Table no. 1
Region / Country Active workers (%)
On the globe 44
Developed countries 7
Emerging countries 54
Asia and Pacific 60
Cambodia 70
China 67
India 59
Nepal 93
Latin America and the Caribbean 19
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