Aspects of UN Activities on the International Protection of Women's Rights

Author:Jana Maftei
Pages:216-224
SUMMARY

Human rights and their protection represent the regulation object of a major part of all the legal rules encompassing the international public law. The Members’ efforts to protect women's rights and to promote gender equality have resulted in the adoption of important documents, fundamental to all mankind. In the light of these international regulations, States have assumed obligations and they... (see full summary)

 
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European Integration - Realities and Perspectives. Proceedings 2015
216
Aspects of UN Activities on the
International Protection of Women's Rights
Jana Maftei1
Abstract: Human rights and their protection represent the regulation object of a major part of all the legal
rules encompassing the international public law. The Members efforts to protect women's rights and to
promote gender equ ality have resulted in the adoption of important documents, fundamental to all mankind.
In the light of these international regulations, States have assumed obligations and they have created
mechanisms to achieve them. Through the analytical approach we have highlighted the activities of the
United Nations and international bodies for pro tecting women's rights and gender equality in all sectors of
public and private life. In p reparing this article we used as research methods the analysis of p roblems
generated by the subject in question with reference to the doctrinal views expressed in the Treaties and
specialized articles, documentary research, interpretation of legal norms in the field.
Keywords: Universal Declaratio n of Human Rights; Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of
Discrimination against Women; the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action; International Women's Day
1. Introduction
Year 2015 is a time of balance and reflection concerning the assertion of women's rights as it marks 20
years since the Fourth World Conference regarding Women of the UN, held in Beijing in 1995, on
which occasion there were established by the participating States a set of objectives to be met for the
effective achievement of women's rights and equality of chances between women and men,
commitments contained in the Beijing Declaration and Action Plan in Beijing.
Much of the history of states reflects a clear imbalance between women's rights and the rights of men,
and the condition of women in society has generated pros and cons of the feminists and conservative,
and sometimes heated disputes, protests, riots. The role and place of women in society of the 18th
century, for example, in relation to man (which is referential) was explained by Jean Jacques
Rousseau, who legitimized the sexual dichotomy and patriarchal hierarchy men / women as being
simple, natural (Rousseau, 1754).
The realities of international society shows that, although important steps were made concerning the
protection of women's rights and the fulfillment of gender equality goals, the states must intensify the
efforts to eliminate the idea of inferiority of woman towards the man, of stereotypes regarding the
1 Assistant Professor, PhD, Faculty of Law, “Danubius” University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Boulevard, 800654
Galati, Romania, Tel.: +40.372.361.102, fax: +40.372.361.290, Corresponding author: janamaftei@univ-danubius.ro.

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