LESIJ NO. XXV, VOL. 1/2018
ANTI – CORRUPTION INITIATIVES, GOOD GOVERNANCE AND
HUMAN RIGHTS: THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
In fighting corruption, good governance efforts rely on principles such as a ccountability,
transpa rency and participation to shape anti-cor ruption measures. Initiatives may include establishing
institutions such as anti-corruption commissions, cr eating mechanisms of information sharing, and
monitoring governments’ use of public funds and implementation of policies. Good governance a nd
human rights are mutually reinforcing. Human r ights principles pr ovide a set of values to guide the
work of governments a nd other political a nd social actors. They also provide a set of per formance
standar ds aga inst which these actors can be held accountable. Moreover, human rights principles
inform the content of good governance efforts: th ey may inform the d evelopment of legisla tive
frameworks, policies, progra mmers, budgeta ry alloca tions and other measures. Corruption is
recognized as a serious cr ime in the EU, which is reflected in its many anti-co rruption instr uments
covering existing member states. Countries wishing to join still face consider able systemic corruption
issues in their public institutions. In Macedonia as one of these countries the most significant human
rights problems stemmed from pervasive corruption and from the government’s failure to respect fully
the rule of law.
This article introduces anti-corr uption work, good governance, a nd attempts to identify the
various levels of relationship between that work and human rights with particular r eference to
Macedonia as an EU candidate country.
Keywords: corrupti on, anti-corruption instr uments, good governance, impact of cor ruption on
human rights, Macedonia.
Fighting corruption is a global concern
because corruption is found in both r ich and
poor countries, and evidence shows that it
hurts poor people dispro portionately. It
Professor, PhD, Faculty of Public Administration and Political Scientific “South East University”, Tetovo (e-
PhD, Public Prosecutor “Basic Public Prosecutor’să Officeă foră Preservationă ofă Organizedă Crimeă andă
Corruption”, Skopje (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
1 Governments, the private sector, non-governmental organizations, the media and citizens around the world are joining
forces to fight this crime. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Office on Drugs
and Crime (UNODC) are at the forefront of these efforts. See International Anti-Corruption Day 9 December:
contributes to instability, poverty and is a
dominant factor driving fragile countries
towards state failure1.
Every year $1 trillion is paid in bribes
while an estimated $2.6 trillion are stolen
annually through corruption – a sum
equivalent to more than 5 per cent of the