Analysis on the possible Brexit, through the Lisbon Treaty

Author:Ana-Maria Teodora Andronic, Andy Pusca, Anisoara Popa
Pages:498-505
SUMMARY

Europe is facing a social crisis like never before, and this comes just after an economical one. The huge flow of migrants that started crossing into Europe at the end of 2015 was just the straw that broke the camel for Great Britain, because the Brits were threatening to leave the EU for some time. Prime Minister David Cameron has warned his European counterparts that his country might leave if... (see full summary)

 
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European Integration - Realities and Perspectives. Proceedings 2016
498
Analyses on the Possible Brexit through the Lisbon Treaty
Ana-Maria Teodora Andronic1, Andy Pușcă2, Anișoara Popa3
Abstract: Europe is facing a soci al crisis like never before, and this comes just after an economical one. The
huge flow of migrants that started crossing into Europe at the end of 2015 was just the straw that broke the
camel for Great Britain, because the Brits were threatening to leave the EU for some time. Prime Minister
David Cameron has warned his European counterparts that his country might leave if his demands are not
met. He clearly affirmed that he wants to stay in the EU, but under different rules. He negotiated a package of
reforms, demanding concessions from a frightened Brussels, that has seen almost inevitable the change in
some EU treaty terms. The PM used the 2011 European Union Act at the negotiations, document which
requires any EU treaty that passes n ew powers to Brussels to be put to an internal British referendum. On
June 23rd there is set a referendum on the country’s membership to the EU. But this amount of uncertainty led
to the fall of th e pound (reaching its lowest l evel since 2009), to fear for the investors and furious debates
between the political parties. We shall further analyze the Lisbon Treaty, in order to better understand the
legislation behind this European-wide tension, and to explain the implications of such an event.
Keywords: Brexit; European Union; referendum; Lisbon Treaty; United Kingdom; employees’ rights;
migration
1. Introduction
Voluntary Withdrawal from EU of a Member State- Before the Lisbon Treaty
It is necessary to state that never before since the creation of the Economic Community of Coal and
Steel in 1951 until today, none of the member states left the EU, in neither of the versions in which it
has presented itself. The possibility of voluntary withdrawal was not mentioned in the Constitutive
Treaties, before adopting the Lisbon Treaty in 2009 (signed in 2007). But neither the Accession
Treaties of every member state don’t have such a clause, although in theory, this right is recognized.
Procedural forms to support such an initiative were not established, and this is due to an accumulation
of reasons.
According to the European doctrine, the lack of regulation in the EU is due to the absolute confidence
that the countries' leaders have had in the stability and durability of the construction of Europe. And
the presence of such regulations would have put to doubt the arrangement between the nations, allied
to achieve common objectives, assumed by the founding Treaties. It would have boosted the risk of
1Assistant at the International Cooperation Center and Master Student at Danubius University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3
Galati Blvd., Galati 800654, Romania, Tel.: +40372361102, Corresponding author: aanateodora@yahoo.com.
2Associate Professor, PhD, Rector of Danubius University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd. , Galati 800654,
Romania, Tel.: +40372361102, Corresponding author: andypusca@univ-danubius.ro.
3Professor, PhD, Department of Comunications International and Relation, Danubius University of Galati, Romania,
Address: 3 Galati Blvd., Galati 800654, Romania, Tel.: +40372361102, Corresponding author: apopa@univ-danubius.ro.

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