• Lex et Scientia International Journal

Universitatea Nicolae Titulescu
Publication date:


In the year 1996 the Nicolae Titulescu University had the initiative of valorizing the materials presented in the annual communication sessions by publishing them into a volume that would follow the periodicity of such manifestations. Therefore, the first issue of the publication Informative Bulletin appeared in 1996. In 1998 the name of the publication was changed into 'Lex ET Scientia', headline under which it continued to appear on a yearly basis, except for year 1998, when three issues were published. Until year 2000 the publication appeared in a volume upon ISBN code; since 2001 until the present moment it has become of periodical regime, upon ISSN 1583-039x. The periodical is focused on sciences in the social-humanist and economic field: economy, law, administration, sociology.

Latest documents

  • Brief considerations on the principles specific to the implementation of the European Union Law

    The principles specific to the implementation of EU law have as characteristic that they mark the specificity of EU law in relation to other legal orders, from national or international point of view. These principles include the principle of conferral, with multiple consequences on the entire EU system, but also the principle of subsidiarity, proportionality or of sincere cooperation.

  • Qualifying legacy by particular title - A difficult task

    The current Civil Code in force, unlike the previous one, succeeds into making a clear and natural distinction between will - as a whole - and legacy - as the main testamentary provision. Unfortunately, it does not also provide flawless regulations in terms of the categories of legacies, which are classified according to their object (universal legacies, legacies by universal title and legacies by particular title). In what the legacy by universal title is concerned, the Civil Code in force contains some controversial provisions at article 1056 paragraph (2) letter c), which interfere also with the correct qualification of legacy by particular title. Then, the regulations of the legal regime applicable to the legatee by particular title also evince flaws, for instance at article 1114 ar...

  • ID theft in cyberspace

    Obtaining personal data, identification data, including data which allow the use of a electronic payment instrument, or any other data generated in the context of one person’s activities in the social, economic or financial life, without its consent or by deceit, if this occurs in computer systems or through electronic means of communications, should be considered as a crime and punished accordingly.

  • The instruments of the environmental policy's economic regulation with a particular regard to the Hungarian System

    The paper describes the environmental policy regulation’s theoretical basis in economics with a particular regard to the main elements of the theories of Pigou, Baunol and Oates, and Coase. Different analytical methods which play an important role in case of economic instruments of environmental policy are presented. The environmental objectives are going to be reached by the implementation of economic instruments and the essential considerations in the formation of an effective system of assets are also described. The theoretical basis of the implementation of economic instruments of environmental policy in the European Union and the problems emerged, and the implementation of economic instruments in Hungary in respect of the OECD Report are key features. At the end of the paper the sy...

  • Remuneration payable to performers for the broadcasting of phonograms. Types of phonograms

    The institution of copyright and related rights, as regulated in our system by Law nr.8/1996, deals with the protection of literary, artistic and scientific works and their creators. By a definition that has a tradition in our doctrine, the legal institution of copyright (generally speaking) means all the legal rules governing social relations that arise from the creation, publication and use of literary, artistic or scientific works. The moral and patrimonial rights of the author and neighboring rights stakeholders are protected both by the special law, mentioned above, and also by the common law provisions. Among them is included the Decree no.31/1954 concerning individuals and legal entities but also the Civil Code. One argued problem during the arbitrations, which take place at ORDA...

  • Conflict of interest offence

    The following study aims to analyse the conflict ot interest provisions offence stipulated under Article 301 of the special part of the new Criminal Code. This adjustment aims criminal liability of public officials who, in the exercise of his duty, acquires an unjust material benefit for himself or for some people with whom he shares certain interests. Through this study we want to set a clear limit between this offence and the other service offences, as well as to highlight the need for such legislation.

  • Theoretical and jurisprudential aspects concerning the constitutionality of the court appeal on points of law

    The institution of the appeal on points of law has the role to ensure a unitary law interpretation and enforcing by the law courts. The legal nature of this procedure is determined not only by the civil and criminal normative dispositions that regulate it. In this study we bring arguments according to which this institution is of a constitutional nature, because according to the Constitution, the High Court of Cassation and Justice has the attribution to ensure the unitary interpretation of the law by the law courts. Thus are analysed the constitutional nature consequences of this institution, the limits of compulsoriness of law interpretations given by the Supreme Court through the decisions ruled on this procedure, and also the relationship between the decisions of the Constitutional ...

  • Admission of guilt in the Romanian Criminal Procedure Code. A comparative law perspective

    Entry into force of the Law no. 202/2010 regarding some measures to accelerate the settlement of the process, already raises a number of problems of interpretation. According to the Explanatory Memorandum of Law 202/2010 states that: "Unlike the other laws, the Law no. 202/2010 comes into Romanian legislative with the aim of speeding criminal proceedings as well as to prepare the implementation of the new codes, some of the regulations contained in future coding being found in this law." In this respect, in the explanatory memorandum to the bill it was noted that "from the major failures of justice in Romania, the harshest criticism was the lack of celerity in solving cases." As often judicial procedures prove to be heavy, formal, expensive and lengthy it was recognized that judicial ef...

  • New regulation of the graduates of higher educational institution's probation period

    Romanian Labor Code - Law no. 53/2001 has stipulated from its modification in 2011 (operated by the Law no. 40/2011), in art. 31, that the persons who had graduated a higher educational institution shall be considered in probation period during the first months after their debut in profession. Those professions in which the probation is regulated by special laws shall be exempted. The Labor Code did not developed the regulation of this kind of probation period, but it mentions that the modality of performing the probation period for the graduates of higher educational institutions shall be regulated by a special law. After almost three years after the Romanian Labor Code had been modified and begun to be applied the new normative content, the legislator enforced the regulation of the sp...

  • The distinctive features of European Criminal Law

    This study aims to analyze the case law of the ECJ and ECHR on the nature of administrative sanctions and their relation to criminal law. Also, some important criteria used by different Member States in their own legal systems in differentiating between criminal and administrative sanctions are presented. As it will be shown in this study, in establishing the difference between administrative and criminal offence sanctions, the case law of both the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union offer an indirect definition of criminal offence through its penalty. Thus, a certain behavior, if sanctioned in a procedure that could be labeled as ‘criminal procedure’, is necessarily a criminal offence.

Featured documents